The Montessori Curriculum
Exercises of Practical Life
The Montessori environment supports basic practical life activities, such as walking in an orderly manner, carrying objects like trays and chowkis, greeting a visitor and learning self-care skills. For example, button fastening frames are designed to perfect the motor skills involved in buttoning, zipping, lacing, buckling and tying. The philosophy for such activities is to make children independent and develop concentration.
The sensorial materials are utilised for training and developing the senses. Materials are scientifically designed and self correcting; for example, a child who does not build the blocks of the pink tower in their proper order does not achieve a tower effect.
Children are exposed to language activities the day they enter the House of children. Children learn that the spoken language consists of sounds which are represented in the form of letters of the alphabet. The language program uses phonetics and is conducted in a sequence.
Enables children to apply their mathematical knowledge in daily situations. The arithmetic program is carried out in a methodical sequence, enabling children to understand abstract numeric concepts with the help of scientifically developed materials.
The Montessori method provides children with an insight into various items of human culture, such as botany, zoology, history and geography through the use of attractive, scientifically developed materials.
A day at GLOW ‘n’ GLITTER
Children’s House Daily Schedule
This schedule is typical of the Montessori program at ‘Glow and glitters’. It is structured to allow for activities in all three basic areas of involvement—exercises of practical life, sensory material, and academic materials.
Work Period: Children spend this uninterrupted time working on individual or small-group activities at a chowki or on a work mat on the floor. Many activities require a presentation from the facilitator (teacher). Others, such as puzzles, can be used without a presentation. Children who choose an activity that is too difficult for them are offered something that better matches their abilities.
Benefits: These activities allow children to improve their attention span and concentration skills, fine motor coordination, eye-hand coordination, attention to detail, perseverance and the joy of learning. Responsibility for one’s own learning is developed as children make their own choices.
Breakfast time: The children wash their hands and go to have their food whenever they feel hungry, sit at the table, concentrate on manners and pleasant conversations at the table, take a taste of everything, pack up leftovers, throw away trash.
Benefits: Respectful behavior at mealtime is learned through modeling and direction from the facilitator. Discussions can include manners, healthy nutrition, and family customs. Cooperation and teamwork are fostered as children help each other clean up and transition to the next activity.
Outside Play: Climbing on the play apparatus, sand play and gardening are a few of the activities available in the outdoor area. Gardening and experiences with pet animals.
Benefits: Large-motor control, participation in group games, and learning about the wonders of nature take place as the children play outside.
Circle time: This group activity includes songs, rhymes, planned conversations on something new in the classroom.
Benefits: Circle time is important for children to learn new songs and rhymes, share about their experiences with facilitators and peers. This leads to enrichment of vocabulary and development of expressive language.
Group activities: This is the time for facilitators to present group activities in any of the areas in Montessori curriculum. Children take turns to repeat the activity demonstrated by their facilitator.
Benefits: Whole-group lessons are an important time for children to learn how to take turns, participate appropriately in a larger society, share feelings and ideas, enjoy each other’s company.
Writing/individual work: The older children who are graduating to first standard will experience lessons in a classroom environment. The second year Montessori children will learn writing numbers, alphabets and some words. The first year Montessori children will work individually with materials.
Benefits: The graduating children will learn discipline of being seated at the chowki, develop listening skills and far point copying from the black board. The second year Montessori children learn to develop writing skills, while the youngest Montessori children enhance their fine motor skills, understanding of concepts and attention span while working with materials.
Fancy dress, sports day, parent-teacher interactions, parent observations, field trips, literacy week, art & craft week, colour week, science week
THEME ACTIVITIES: Once a Week – science experiments, fireless cooking, art & craft, show and tell, story-telling, dramatization (role play)
AFTER SCHOOL ACTIVITIES: Chess, karate, yoga, art & craft, robotics